INFP Personality Type: Complete Personality Guide

Table of Contents
INFP (Mediator) Handbook Traits, Strengths, How Tos, Facts & More

The INFP personality type, one of the 16 personality types identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), is often described as the “healer”, “mediator”, and “idealist” among the group.

While often deemed shy and reserved, INFPs have a rich and vibrant inner life. They are naturally curious and imaginative people who enjoy daydreaming and coming up with creative solutions to their problems.

They are also idealists driven by a firm set of core values and beliefs that they hold on to as they pursue their purpose and calling.  This guide will provide you with all the things you need to know about this personality profile.

What Does INFP Stand For?

INFP stands for introversion, intuition, feeling, and perceiving.

Introversion: Introverts draw their energy from alone time, whereas extroverts draw them from spending time with people.

Intuition: People with the intuition preference look at information based on impressions and patterns compared to their sensing counterparts who use their five senses to interpret their reality.

Feeling:  People with a feeling preference use and consider their feelings (and others) to make decisions while thinkers use logic-based criteria.

Perceiving: Regarding how they live their lives externally, perceivers are more open and flexible while their judging counterparts are more orderly and planned.

INFP Traits and Key Characteristics

One of the main traits of the INFPs is that they enjoy their own company but also enjoy spending time with small groups. On the other hand, being with a large group drains them and exhausts their energy.

This is especially true since INFPs have an innate desire to understand people deeply, which is challenging to do in a big crowd.

INFPs enjoy exploring possibilities and ideas, endlessly driven by a desire to discover the truths about things and people. Because of this, INFPs’ preferences are to look at the whole picture instead of the detailed parts.

While their idealist temperament makes INFPs perfectionists, especially when it concerns their craft, they tend to be unaware of mundane details.

They are also highly intuitive towards other people, another trait that enables them to understand others better. These idealists have a developed value system and core beliefs which they use in their decision-making and how they view the world in general.

Empathetic by nature, INFPs are gifted with compassion and deep care towards others’ needs. INFPs are driven by the desire to understand people on a deeper level, which allows them to help and communicate with them better.

Perceivers like the INFPs are spontaneous and open-minded. They keep their schedules and options open. They are not impulsive when making decisions and are ready to accommodate changes in the situation as they come.

Subtypes of The Mediator Personality Type


Assertive mediators have an easier time brushing off a mistake they have committed and spend less time focusing on their flaws than INFP-Ts.

They have a sunny, optimistic outlook, making them a good source of hope and encouragement. However, this tendency to ignore the things they shrug off may cause them to overlook problems since they think that everything is going fine.

Since they are less invested than their turbulent peers, they feel less regret and are more confident in being themselves.

People with the INFP-A personality type are also generally more optimistic about the outcomes of the chances they took compared to their counterparts.


Turbulent mediators tend to be dissatisfied with their current state and use this dissatisfaction to improve themselves. They are likely to hold themselves to a very high standard and end up becoming overwhelmed.

Compared to INFP-As, they may consider themselves lazy, which is often an inaccurate self-evaluation. Opinions matter a lot to turbulent types and are tend to be more self-critical and sensitive than their assertive peers.

While both INFPs are good listeners, people with INFP-T personalities tend to seek other people’s opinions and feedback more, giving them an edge at paying attention to other people better than INFP-As.

INFP’s Strengths and Weaknesses

INFP’s Strengths

Their compassionate nature allows INFPs to use their natural strengths to make an impact on others around them.

Here are some of the strengths typically associated with people with the INFP personality type:


Myers Briggs INFPs are thoughtful and caring. Due to their ability to understand other emotions well paired with their authentic interest towards other people, INFPs can individualize their approach for each person, making them feel important and prioritized.

Known to be ‘the mediator’, they pay attention to how their decisions will affect people emotionally, making sure to avoid hurting others at all costs.


Imaginative and open-minded, INFPs are not afraid to explore endless possibilities. Their ability to see connections and patterns in things and situations enables them to develop unique approaches to solving complicated problems.

Their creativity also makes these independent thinkers drawn toward creative expression. A study found that their sample of gifted students gravitates towards four personality types, including INFP.


Being attuned to other people’s needs and emotions allows them to see things from other people’s points of view, making INFPs generally open and tolerant of other people’s lifestyles and beliefs.


Known as ‘the healer’, INFPs have a natural heart of service and are always on the lookout for ways to help. They are dedicated to those they value, whether it be people, a specific cause, or their perceived calling and purpose.

Strong belief system

Being ‘the idealist’, these INFPs are driven by a purpose that is often directed towards caring for and attending to other people’s needs. They view the world guided by their core values and are unlikely to be easily swayed from their beliefs.

INFP’s Weaknesses

Most of the time, an INFP’s strengths come with blind spots and may become potential sources of conflict if not managed.

Here are some of the Mediator personality type weaknesses that they should take note of:

Overly idealistic

Vision-driven INFPs may become perfectionists, expecting everything to be meaningful. They tend to idolize people they look up to, which may lead to frustration and disappointment, especially when they fail to meet the INFP’s idea of them.

Difficulty in opening-up

Private and reserved, INFPs may struggle to share about themselves or their accomplishments. This may lead to difficulty in asking for help or opening up to new people.

Tend to avoid conflict

Mediators do their best to avoid confrontations and conflict at all costs, often to their detriment. They may overlook their own feelings and needs due to their tendency to please others. This also makes them sensitive to other people’s views of them.

Trouble accepting failure

These idealists tend to be self-critical, especially since they have high expectations of themselves. Because of this, they are likely to dwell on their failures.

INFPs tend to worry about how others view them and may take criticisms personally, becoming offended when people perceive their actions or words negatively.

This overly self-critical behavior may take a toll on their mental health. This is supported by a study done in 2019, which reported that INFPs are one of the two personality types that are likely to be diagnosed with unipolar depression.

Driven by emotion

INFPs tend to focus too much or become too overwhelmed with their emotions, which may hinder them from seeing the situation objectively.

Top Jobs and Career Paths for the INFP Personality

INFPs prefer work that aligns with their values and allows them to help others. They tend to work better in a small group setting and tend to enjoy careers that provide them with new opportunities and allow for flexibility.

INFP jobs and careers have something in common – they offer these personality types their independence and respect for their personal freedom.

10 Best Jobs & Careers for INFPs

  • Teacher
  • Freelance Writer
  • Artist
  • Social worker
  • Graphic Designer
  • Counselor
  • Librarian
  • Psychologist
  • Physical therapist
  • Social worker

Common hobbies and interests of INFPs

  • Art
  • Creative writing
  • Daydreaming
  • Decorating and Design
  • Exploring
  • Traveling or Outdoor recreation
  • Gaming
  • Learning
  • Music
  • Theater

How INFPs Interact and Behave in Different Situations


INFPs enjoy spending time with their inner circle of friends. They look for friends who share their beliefs and values but have no problem befriending all kinds of people. They are capable of sustaining stable and strong friendships.

As with other introverts, people with this personality may need to withdraw from people to recharge. INFPs treasure friendships and build on it by spending quality time with them.


Driven by a desire to help others learn and grow, INFPs see parenting as a unique opportunity for a meaningful life journey.

As parents, they provide their children with the freedom to develop their own personalities and pursue their interests. However, they want to instill in their children important values such as compassion and care towards others.

INFP parents want a harmonious household and try their best to be good role models for their children. In the household, they rarely establish too much structure or strict rules and allow their children room to contribute to the home’s decision-making.


This type of idealism resonates with their concept of true love. They may find themselves daydreaming about their ideal partner and imagining spending their lives, forming deep connections with them.

This allows them to go beyond superficial looks and focus more on the depths of their character. However, these idealists may have very high standards for their potential partners.

An INFP in relationships will capitalize on their compassion and thoughtfulness to make their partners feel important. While they love them for who they are, INFPs also devote themselves to their partners’ growth and goals in life.


Driven by a sense of purpose, INFPs will look for a moral connection in their workplace and prefer working in one that resonates with their value system. INFPs in the workplace enjoy pleasing their bosses and customers.

Since people with this personality type can be self-critical, they may find it challenging to work for negative bosses or hostile workplaces.

INFP employees enjoy freedom and independence and would prefer to use their creativity to get things done. That said, deadlines and some structure are helpful to keep them on track.

Famous INFPs You Might Know

  • Princess Diana
  • Audrey Hepburn
  • John Lennon
  • J.R.R. Tolkien
  • William Shakespeare
  • Hellen Keller
  • Antoine de Saint-Exupery
  • Isabel Briggs Myers

Interesting Facts About the INFP Type

  • Myers Briggs’ INFPs are among the types who are likely to report dissatisfaction at work
  • They are known to be good encouragers and sources of inspiration.
  • They populate the field of counseling, arts, and writing.
  • They learn best through finding new connections and explorations.
  • They rank second among all types of marital dissatisfaction
  • They excel in art, music, and English in school
  • They have a general advantage in learning foreign languages


How rare is INFP female?

INFP females make up about 5% of the general population in the US. This means that neither they’re the rarest nor the most common personality types.

Interestingly, both genders of INFPs together make up 5% of the general population. Similar to this, male INFPs make up 5% of the US population. Therefore, INFP females tend to be a bit more common than INFP males.

Are INFPs loyal?

Yes, loyalty is among the most common characteristics of INFP personalities. People with this personality type tend to be very loyal in relationships in general.

But when it comes to romantic relationships, they especially value commitment. In fact, INFPs can’t imagine lying, betrayal, and untrustworthiness in relationships. They’re extremely true-hearted individuals with faithful attitudes toward all aspects of their lives.

Final Word

INFPs are one of the most caring and compassionate personality types among the 16 personalities in the Myers-Briggs personality assessment (MBTI). This, combined with their passionate and empathetic nature, makes them a good source of inspiration and hope for the people around them.

Their idealism and sensitivity allow them to pursue their purpose of helping others but may also become potential pitfalls if not managed.

They may need to be mindful of their weaker traits, especially in nourishing a romantic relationship, making and keeping friends, and fulfilling a meaningful career.

INFPs, while deemed as healers and mediators, should not forget to look after themselves too, so that they may shine more brightly amid people looking for inspiration and hope.

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