Introvert Vs. Extrovert Facts & Differences [Comparison Guide]
There are a plethora of differences between introverts vs extroverts. While extroverts are typically outgoing, gregarious, friendly, and people-oriented, introverts are more mellow, reserved, and quiet.
The main differences between these two personalities arise from how they receive and spend energy. You could be wondering: what makes me an introvert or an extrovert? What are common traits that are shared between extroverted or introverted populations?
How do I maximize the positive elements of my extroverted or introverted personality while working on my weaknesses? It can be difficult to understand your own personality type and where you fit on the extrovert/introvert scale.
In this article, we will address all of the previously mentioned questions and described everything you could possibly need to know about introverted and extroverted personalities.
What is an Introvert, Extrovert – Definition & Meaning
Introverts and extroverts are opposite personality types. Most people have some elements which are more extroverted and others that are more introverted in their personality.
However, individuals tend to get energy mostly from a single source: either from oneself or the outside world, according to Carl Jung. If you gain energy by interacting with others and spend energy on self-reflection, you are likely an extrovert.
If you are the opposite (gain energy from time alone and spend energy on social gatherings), you are likely an introvert.
Introverts are individuals who tend to be more introverted, otherwise referred to as “quiet types.” They feel more comfortable alone with their own thoughts and emotions as opposed to sharing their ideas and feelings with others.
They get their energy from within themselves, not from outside sources. Their circle of friends tends to be smaller but more tight-knit; many fear or dislike speaking to large groups.
Additionally, introverts enjoy independence and predictability at work. They like to think through their decisions and avoid impulsivity or energy outbursts. Introverts may not be well suited to deal with change, and they are often not efficient at adapting to fast-paced environments or making snap decisions.
Extroverts are often described as talkative, action-oriented, ‘people person,’ friendly, enthusiastic, and outgoing.
The negative traits of extroverts include attention-seeking behavior and dependent on others or needy, but these traits are usually only associated with an extreme extrovert.
Extroversion as a personality trait is a positive association with spending more time with others and taking charge in social situations. They excel in team sports and other group events, preferring to get their energy from others as opposed to themselves.
Introvert Vs. Extrovert: The Difference Between Personalities in Daily Lifestyles
These two different personality styles approach work, relationships, and life in general. They often value different qualities, act differently in social settings, approach problems in different ways, recharge differently, and so on.
A few other lifestyle differences between introverts and extroverts include:
Extroverts are significantly more social and approachable than introverts. This is not because introverts dislike or fear people; rather, introverts simply feel drained after communicating with others for long periods of time.
On the other hand, extroverts are energized by conversations. Being people-oriented and social is a main trait of extroversion. They actively seek out social events and have a wide social circle. Introverts would prefer to spend time alone in a quiet setting as opposed to in bustling groups.
Extroverts and introverts have different communication styles. Extroverts naturally enjoy collaboration and do well in teams. They enjoy discussing ideas with others and do not mind being open with their colleagues, at times even about personal matters.
They are also prone to thinking out loud and using speech as a way to organize their thoughts. Introverts prefer to keep quiet whenever possible. They usually prefer written methods of communication as opposed to in person meetings.
When leading, introverts try to form, teams of self-starters, as they thoroughly dislike micromanaging and explaining every small element of a task.
Introverts believe making the smartest decisions requires spending time analyzing all the possible choices. This leads to them taking more time to commit to a final plan.
However, introverts are more likely to trust their instinct and less likely to seek approval from outside sources. On the other hand, extroverts are typically more impulsive and make snap decisions without overthinking possible avenues of action.
They may sometimes ask team members for input on how to make the best decision. Being in an ever-changing environment usually does not bother an extrovert, as they are able to quickly formulate action plans without much deliberation.
In the Workplace
The introvert’s main desire in the workplace is to be independent and left alone to pursue their own goals. They hate being micromanaged and enjoy being able to push themselves to the best of their abilities.
Introverts prefer quiet environments and jobs where collaboration is not always required. They should be given time to think through their options and as a predictable schedule.
Many extroverts get bored or lonely when they are alone at work. So, they enjoy working in large groups and are often involved in the company’s social event planning. Monotonous tasks and predictability do not mix well with extroverts.
Instead, they need to be thrilled, excited and surprised at work. They should be confronted with new challenges and have the opportunity to meet new people.
Introvert and Extrovert in a Relationships
Introverts and extroverts play different roles and require different traits in a relationship. Understanding your partner’s baseline level of introversion or extroversion can help you better assist them in times of need or strengthen the bond between you as a couple.
When it comes to relationships, here are some ways introverts and extroverts differ:
Introvert in a Relationship
Introverts value their alone time and enjoy maintaining a high level of independence. Sometimes, it can be difficult for introverts to open up to their partners.
They have trouble communicating effectively with others when they are not familiar with them yet. However, once a bond begins to form, the introvert can feel more comfortable sharing their inner thoughts with their spouse.
To introverts, most stimulating and exciting evenings involve discussing ideas. They enjoy skipping my dance chitchat and plunging into the deep, philosophical elements of a conversation.
Additionally, introverts typically like to have consistency and structure in their romantic lives. They do not enjoy unexpected surprises, as it can confuse or stress them out. Having downtime to let introverts spend time pursuing their habits is also a must.
This personality type hates dealing with conflict. In fact, they may even keep quiet and not voice their opinion if it means avoiding a conflict. If you are an introvert’s partner, ensure you gain their trust and avoid putting pressure on them.
Extrovert in a Relationship
Extroverts enjoy getting to know their partners in person. They feel that direct and verbal communication is the best way to get their points across. Many extroverts like dates that involve outdoor activities or social gatherings.
For instance, they may enjoy visiting a bar or hiking with their mate. The extroverts prefer to lead conversations. They are typically the people who ask someone out on a date and initiate conversations.
They do not mind having long or short conversations with their partners about virtually any topic. When they are in public, extroverted people exude confidence. They may want to show off their spouse to those around them, or simply maintain a high level of self-esteem.
Extroverts do not enjoy having a planned and overly structured relationship. They thrive on the excitement as well as spontaneity and quickly make decisions, sometimes getting a reputation to be impulsive. However, the benefit of this impulsivity is that they are able to adapt to change easier than introverts.
Introvert Vs. Extrovert – Which is Better?
Introverts and extroverts excel in different circumstances. When it comes to teamwork, extroverts are able to perform better. They are naturally able to connect with team members better than introverts.
In public speaking, extroverts are also better orators. This is because of the strong link between extroversion and confidence, the ability to understand the crowd, and quick wit.
Most business leaders are also extroverts. Many of the skills extroverts possess (confidence, assertiveness, outgoing nature, decisiveness, and so on) make them better leaders.
The same is true with customer service roles, which involve lots of direct communication. Introverts excel in a different settings. In roles where individuals must work independently, introverts are better employees than extroverts.
Such careers include design, computer programming, art, and so on. Also, introverts can make more empathetic and well thought out decisions. Such traits make them superior internal medicine physicians, for instance. Introverts can be very creative and original, so they excel in manufacturing and idea creation.
20 Benefits of Being Introvert or Extrovert
Both introverts and extroverts have their own unique qualities which make them excellent employees, colleagues, friends, spouses, or leaders. While each personality type excels in different ways, both have a wide list of benefits.
Here are a few examples of the beneficial elements of both introverts and extroverts:
List of 10 Introvert Strengths
- Good listeners.
- Think before they speak.
- Make decisions carefully to avoid unnecessary mistakes.
- Empathetic toward others’ emotions, needs, and thoughts.
- Keep their friends close to them.
- Independent and require little oversight.
- Creative and follow their intuition.
- Can focus deeply on tasks they truly care about.
- Tend to notice details better.
- Self-motivated and do not look for others’ approval.
List of 10 Extrovert Strengths
- Understand body language, appropriate eye contact, and social behavior.
- Enthusiastic and energetic.
- Willing to take risks and explore the unknown.
- Can stay positive and motivate others to do the same.
- Charismatic and good at public speaking.
- Easily make friends and have a large friend group.
- Not afraid to stand up for their beliefs.
- Exude confidence.
- Good at leading teams.
- Can communicate effectively and control conversations.
Introvert and Extrovert – List of 10 Weaknesses
All personalities have positive and negative traits. This is true with introverts, extroverts, and everyone in between. Although anyone can make a great colleague, employee, or spouse, these personalities also have some unappealing traits that should be noted.
Certain people may find an introvert’s mellow nature as a weakness. Others may view extroverts as overly impulsive, attention-seeking, or arrogant.
Some other negative traits for extroverts and introverts include:
List of 10 Introvert Weaknesses
- Struggle to expand the social network.
- Prone to being viewed as socially awkward, weird, or snobbish.
- Poor ability to handle stressful situations.
- Overthinking decisions and delaying action; indecisive.
- Tendency to be anxious or nervous under stress.
- Unskilled at small talk.
- Poor at public speaking.
- Cannot concentrate unless the environment is familiar or comfortable.
- Avoid asking for assistance, even if it is helpful or necessary.
- Easily scared in new environments.
List of 10 Extrovert Weaknesses
- Needy of other’s attention, approval, or assistance.
- Often rely on others’ emotions and reactions to stay happy themselves.
- May participate in overly risky behavior.
- Could continue talking, even when it is inappropriate.
- Gives others little time to speak in conversations.
- Can be perceived as disingenuous.
- Sometimes lack emotional control.
- Get lonely and bored easily.
- Could come across as controlling, harsh, or arrogant at times.
- Do not think before they speak.
Introvert Vs. Extrovert – What do the Statistics Say?
If you are looking to get specific data on the differences between introverts and extroverts, take a look at the shortlist below.
If you search the web for this information, you may get multiple contradicting statistics claiming extroverts or introverts perform certain tasks better.
In the following list, we will source the data from the most evidence-based institutions possible.
Below, we discuss a few statistical facts about each of these personality assessment.
1. Statistically, a larger portion of the US population is introverted. The original randomized Myers-Briggs type indicator sample showed that 50.7% of Americans are introverts and extroverts make up 49.3% of the population.
2. Women are more extroverted than men. When Myers, McCaulley, Quenk, & Hammer looked at this same sample population, they determined that 52.5% of women were extroverted as opposed to 45.9% of extroverted men. Introverts made up 54.1% of the male population and 47.5% of the female population.
3. Most people tend to be ambiverts, or somewhere in between introverts and extroverts. A study conducted by the American Trends Panel found that 77% of people fall somewhere between the two extreme personalities. 12% were very extroverted, 5% were very introverted, and 6% did not indicate a response.
4. Certain professions tend to be more introverted. For instance, a survey of slightly over 3,000 lawyers indicated that 56.4% of law professionals were introverts and the remaining 43.6% were extroverts. However, labor law was dominated by extroverts while tax work was more attractive to introverts.
5. Librarians are often viewed as logical and introverted. Dr. Scherdin performed a study to see if this hypothesis was correct by surveying librarians for their MBTI type. Indeed, 63% were introverted while only 37% were extroverted.
6. Extroverts are more confident in their abilities than introverts. 87% of extroverts agree that they have the skills to be a good leader, compared to only 56% of introverts.
7. Introverts are less likely to express gratitude. Only 67% of introverts express gratitude when they feel it, compared to a significantly larger 89% of extroverts.
List of 5 Interesting Facts About Introverts and Extroverts
1. Extroverts respond well to rewards. One theory that explains why this is so is that dopamine responsivity encourages extroverts to reach for rewards, while introverts are more sensitive to punishment.
2. Ambiverts have the highest IQ out of all the personality types. When looking at IQ test scores on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, moderate levels of extroversion correlated with better verbal and performance intelligence measures.
3. Communication styles differ between extroverts and introverts. In a study analyzing the link between extroversion and language, Beukeboom, Tanis, & Vermeulen found that extroverts are more likely to use figurative language and abstractions while introverts focus on facts.
4. If you often use social media, chances are you are likely an extrovert. Those who spend more than 2 hours a day on social media are seen as more extroverted by both themselves and others.
5. Introverts and extroverts prefer different types of workplace training. O’Connor, Gardiner, & Watson found that relaxation training is more useful for introverts, while ideation skill training is better for extroverts.
How Understanding Introversion and Extroversion Better Can Improve Your Life
Understanding how to utilize both introversion and extroversion can help benefit your life in a number of ways. For instance, if you learn to utilize extroversion correctly, you can help establish effective communication channels within your team.
This leads to more productivity, more internal trust between team members, and keeps everyone involved in the team’s mission. Also, you could become a more charismatic speaker if you use extroversion correctly.
Extroversion can also lead to more confidence and more comfort with risk-taking, leading you to become a better leader. Introversion can help you become more in tune with your emotions and intuitions.
It can help you become less dependent on others’ approval and helps you understand what you truly desire in life. By gaining introversion, you may become more creative or original, as you are relying on your own mind for inspiration as opposed to being limited by others.
Frequently Asked Questions About Introvert Vs. Extrovert
Can Knowing if Others are Introverted or Extroverted Help Your Relationships?
Yes, understanding whether someone is introverted or extroverted can benefit your relationships. This is so because once you understand someone’s level of introversion or extroversion, you can tailor your communication approach to that person.
Additionally, you can plan better dates that match the individual’s personality. Finally, you could also understand if you need to give someone more independence or whether you should try to make your schedule less or more structured.
Can you be Both Introverted and Extroverted?
Yes, you can be both introverted and extroverted. In fact, most people lie somewhere in between these two personality types. If you find yourself not identifying strongly with either introversion or extroversion, you may be an ambivert.
This type of personality lies somewhere in the middle between introversion and extroversion. Ambivert personalities may be more extroverted in certain moments, and introverted at other times. Their source of energy changes depending on the situation.
Is there a Difference in the Brain Between Introverted and Extroverted?
There are a few neurological differences between introverts and extroverts. One major difference deals with the neurotransmitter dopamine.
While both introverts and extroverts become more alert, energized, talkative, and risk interested when a dopamine spike occurs, an extrovert’s brain becomes more active than an introvert’s mind through the dopamine release.
However, both extroverts and introverts have the same amount of dopamine available to them. Their brains simply utilize dopamine at different levels.
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